Programming Languages

Top 10 Programming Languages for 2019

We are happy to see you here, if you're looking for Programming Languages to learn in 2019 so we've compiled a list of Top 10 Programming Languages.

Their are hundreds of different programming languages used in industry today mainly in the computer field. It is difficult to find best programmming languages to learn below you will find most demanding languages for mobile development, web development and more, which can help your career boost in upcomming years and future.

So Here is the list of Top 10 Programming Languages for 2019 that everyone should Learn.

Objective-C

10. Objective-C

First Appeared: 1984

Designed By: Tom Love and Brad Cox

Developer: Apple

Stable Release: 2.0

File Extensions: .M, .h, .m, .mm

Typing Discipline: Static, Dynamic, Weak

Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language. It was the main programming language used by Apple for the macOS and iOS operating systems. You can call it hybrid C because of the features it adds to C programming language.

SQL

9. SQL (Structured Query Language)

First Appeared: 1974

Designed By: Donald D. Chamberlin, Raymond F. Boyce

Developer: ISO/IEC

Stable Release: SQL:2016 (December 2016)

File Extensions: .sql

Typing Discipline: Static, Strong

SQL (Structured Query Language) is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS). The scope of SQL includes data query, data manupulation, data defination and data access control. SQL keep data appropriate and secured and also help in maintaining the integrity of database.

Ruby

8. Ruby

First Appeared: 1995

Designed By: Yukihiro Matsumoto

Developer: Yukihiro Matsumoto, et al

Stable Release: 2.6.0 (December 2018)

File Extensions: .rb

Typing Discipline: Duck, Dynamic, Strong

Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language. It supports multiple programming paradigms, including functional, object-oriented, and imperative. You can build an application with less line of code, but challange of Ruby is being dynamically typed language, it is not easy to maintain and its flexbilty makes it's slow.

Swift

7. Swift

First Appeared: June 2014

Designed By: Chris Lattner, Doug Gregor, John McCall, Ted Kremenek, Joe Groff, and Apple Inc.

Developer: Apple Inc.

Stable Release: 4.2.1 (October 2018)

File Extensions: .swift

Typing Discipline: Static, Strong, Inferred

Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux and z/OS. Swift is deeply influenced by Python and Ruby and was designed to be beginner-friendly. It is considered to be faster, more secure, easier to read and require less code and debug than Objective-C.

C-Sharp

6. C# (C-Sharp)

First Appeared: 2000

Designed By: Microsoft

Developer: Microsoft

Stable Release: 7.3 (May 2018)

File Extensions: .cs

Typing Discipline: Static, Dynamic, Strong, Safe, Nomanitive, Partially Inferred

C# (C sharp) is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language encompassing strong typing, imperative, declarative, functional, generic and object-oriented. C-sharp is utilized in developing desktop applications, Microsoft developed C-sharp as a rival to java. The C# (C-sharp) code is consistant and logical as compared to C++ which makes it easier to learn for the beginners.

PHP

5. PHP (Hypertext PreProcessor)

First Appeared: 1995

Designed By: Rasmus Lerdorf

Developer: The PHP Development Team, Zend Technologies

Stable Release: 7.3.0 (December 2018)

File Extensions: .php, .php5, .php7, .pht, .phps, .php-s

Typing Discipline: Dynamic, Weak

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor (earlier called Personal Home Page) is a server-side scripting language and general-purpose programming language designed for Web development. PHP code may be embedded into HTML code, or it can be used in combination with various web template systems, web content management systems, and web frameworks. It is popular because it is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple for new programmers. PHP is very Strong option for web developers around the world.

C and CPP

4. C/CPP

First Appeared: 1972 / 1985

Designed By: Dennis Ritchie / Bjarne Stroustrup

Developer: Dennis Ritchie & Bell Labs (ANSI C) / Bjarne Stroustrup

Stable Release: C18 (June 2018) / C++17 (December 2017)

File Extensions: .c, .h / .C, .cc, .cpp, .hh, .cxx, .c++

Typing Discipline: Static, Weak, Manifest, Nominal / Static, Nominative, Partially Inferred

C is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion. Linux OS is C based and C++ is a hybrid version of C.
C++ (C plus plus) is also a general-purpose programming language. It has imperative, object-oriented and generic programming features, It was designed with a bias toward system programming and embedded.
The C and C++ programming languages are closely related but have many significant differences. C is not a subset of C++ and C programs will not compile as C++ code without modification. C++ introduced many features that are not available in C.

Java

3. Java

First Appeared: May 1995

Designed By: James Gosling

Developer: Sun Microsystems (now owned by Oracle Corporation

Stable Release: Java 11 (September 2018)

File Extensions: .java, .class, .jar

Typing Discipline: Static, Strong, safe, Nominative, Manifest

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible. Java is 99% object-oriented and is robust as java objects contain no references.
Java has been the rulling programming language for the past 20 years. Java is highly compatible and platform independent you can code on all devices and java forms the base for the Android Operating system.

Python

2. Python

First Appeared: 1990

Designed By: Guido van Rossum

Developer: Python Software Foundation

Stable Release: 3.7.2 (December 2018)

File Extensions: .py, .pyc, .pyw, .pyd

Typing Discipline: Duck, Dynamic, Gradual, Strong

Python is an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose programming language. Python features a dynamic type system and automatic memory management, It supports multiple programming paradigms including object-oriented, imperative, functional and procedural.
Python is user-friendly language like Java, Python syntax is clear, intuitive and almost similar to the English language. Python is very popular in areas like Machine Learning, Scientific Computing and Engineering, It has variety of applications that make it a versitle and powerful.

JavaScript

1. JavaScript

First Appeared: December 1995

Designed By: Brendan Eich

Developer: Netscape Communications Corporation, Mozilla Foundation, Ecma International

Stable Release: ECMAScript 2018 (June 2018)

File Extensions: .js, .mjs

Typing Discipline: Dynamic, Duck

JavaScript often abbreviated as JS, is a high-level, interpreted programming language that conforms to the ECMAScript specification. Alongside HTML and CSS, JavaScript is one of the three core technologies of the World Wide Web.

JavaScript is light weighted Interoreted and plays a major role in Front-end development and also used on Server-side through Node js. It is impossible to imagine software development without JavaScript, some of major Social Media platforms believe the JavaScript provides an easy way to create interective web pages. All of these characteristic make JavaScript best programming language amoung the beginners.

Choose as per your Interest in the Different Fields and how you want to start your Carrer as a Developer :

Desktop Application -- Java, Python, C++
Mobile Development -- Java, Swift, C#
Game Development -- C++, C#
Front-End Web Development -- JavaScript
Back-End Web Development -- JavaScript, Ruby, Python, Java, PHP

Also Read Related Miscellaneous Top 10